A discipline that you can enjoy outdoors, including swimming, cycling and running.

To be successful in triathlon, endurance is key, because it is essential for athletes to be able to successfully complete the three stages of the competition.

In the picture, three athletes: one running, another one on a bicycle and another one in their swimming suit.

History of this sport

Triathlon is a recent sport that was invented at the San Diego Track Club in California in the 1970s. Its original purpose was to become an alternative training alternative to demanding track training.

Once established as a sport, the International Olympic Committee decided to include it in the program of the Olympic Games and triathlon made its debut in Sydney 2000 with individual disciplines. The competition that year was very close, both in the men's and women's races. Surprisingly, the podiums were defined by differences of seconds.

In the case of the Pan American Games, triathlon made its debut in the 1995 edition of Mar del Plata, and as in the Olympic Games, both genders participated from the beginning. The United States has five gold medals in the Pan American medal count.

In the picture, three athletes: one running, another one on a bicycle and another one in their swimming suit.

How do you compete?

As it involves three consecutive sports disciplines, triathlon requires high physical and mental endurance. The races start with the swimming, continue with the cycling and finish with the running, with no interruption in between.

The swimming event is done in open water and all athletes start together until reaching 1,5 km. Once they reach the first finish line, they pass to the time called transition or T1, where they must pick up their implements and prepare for the next race, although they are forbidden to ride the bike before positioning themselves at the marking line.

The cycling route is 40 km long and athletes must wear helmets at all times to prevent accidents.Once finished, the athletes will move on to the second transition or T2, where they must leave their bikes on a rack and prepare for the final test.

The last stage is the 10 km race, where each athlete must have their identification numbers visible and whoever crosses the finish line first will be the winner.


What is the order of the competitions in triathlon?

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Information for the community

Cristián Bustos is considered one of the legends of Chilean triathlon. He participated at the age of 19 in the first competition of this type in Chile in 1984, where he obtained third place. Since then, he has never left this sport, becoming an example to follow for all triathletes in the country. Currently, the former athlete is responsible for the sports consulting Team Bustos. There he prepares national athletes who are going to participate in triathlons and an even more demanding version of the discipline, the Ironman. Held annually in Pucón, during the first days of January, this race increases the distances of each of the competitions and is called "the most beautiful race in the world".

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