In race walking, the main rule is to keep permanent contact with the ground. While the athlete is in competition, their feet should be seen constantly touching the surface. Running is not permitted.
There are also specific rules regarding the movement of the legs. When they touch the ground they should be straight; that is, you should not bend your knees as if you were running.
During the race, there are judges who closely monitor the behavior and compliance with the rules by the athletes. These warn them in case of committing an infraction. To do this, they have yellow warning palettes and, in the event of committing a foul, the red color palette is shown. According to the number of infractions, the athlete must enter the penalty zone where he or she must wait for a while before returning to the competition. The amount of time is determined by the judges.