SPORTS

Sailing

Aquatics Perfect for enjoying sport and landscapes, sailing is a nautical sport that aims to control a small boat that is propelled solely by the wind.

Competitors must make a tour and finish it in the shortest possible time. To achieve this, they have to be able to master the changing conditions of the air and sea.

In the picture, male sailor competing.

History of this sport

This sport became popular in the United States, and in 1851 the New York Yacht Club built the ship America to compete in the Hundred Guinea Cup against British yachts. Later, the event was renamed America’s Cup and became one of the most important competitive instances in this sport.

In 1900, sailing made its debut at the Olympic Games in Paris and, since then, it has been part of all editions except for San Luis 1904. Since the first Olympic competitions, the types of boats have changed due to new technologies to make them faster.

In the case of the Pan American Games, sailing has been part of the program since Buenos Aires 1951 and has been in all instances, except for the 1955 games at Mexico City. The country that leads the medal table is Brazil, with 39 golds.

In the picture, male sailor competing.

How do you compete?

In sailing there are different types of competitions called regattas, where boats sail to the finish line along a triangle-shaped course, facing the wind in three different directions. They must pass the signal buoys in a predetermined order.

Points are awarded according to the position in which the athlete finishes the circuit. For example, the first to arrive gets one point, the second placed gets two, and so on. In the final regatta the points are doubled and the person or crew with the fewest total points is the winner.

Competitions are divided by categories (female, male, open or mixed) and, in turn, by classes, which determine the type of boat and whether it is played individually, in pairs. or groups of three.

Quiz

In which edition of the Olympic Games was the name of the competition changed to sailing?

Check answer

Information for the community

Since 2000, the Sailing School for children of the Pacific Nautical Brotherhood (Cofradia Nautica del Pacifico in Spanish) has been operating in Algarrobo. This workshop is free and arose as an initiative of the Chilean Sailing Federation (Fedevela). It currently continues to train children between the ages of eight and 15. For more information you can visit the website www.cofradianautica.cl/comunidad/

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