History of this sport
The first records of the practice of artistic swimming or synchronized swimming date back to 1891 in Berlin, Germany. During those years, several clubs were created to practice the sport and it spread to countries such as Australia, Canada, the United States, Germany, Spain and France. In its beginnings it was considered a men's sport, but it quickly became a purely feminine discipline.
As a historical fact, in the early 20th century, Annette Kellerman, an Australian swimmer, toured the United States performing water acrobatics. Her shows were very popular and, as a result, the sport was born.
Artistic swimming became an Olympic sport for the first time at Los Angeles 1984, with individual and pairs events. These events were also held at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul and at the 1992 Barcelona Games. Atlanta replaced them in 1996 with water ballet for eight, but since the 2000 Olympic Games, the Olympic program has included duet and team events.
This competition was admitted to the Pan American Games in the second edition in Mexico City 1955. Since then, it has been part of all the Games, except for Chicago 1959 and Winnipeg 1967.
Although mixed duets, which include the participation of men in the discipline of artistic swimming, are not yet incorporated in the Olympic program, they have been included in the world program since 2015.
The Pan American medal count is led by the U.S. delegation, which has won a total of 38 medals, including 27 gold medals.