SPORTS

Fencing

Fencing is a sport that combines mind and body in synchrony.

This discipline has a long-standing historic tradition, which shows us great strategy and technique combats. Fencers move with strength, reaction, and anticipation, performing attacks and defences.

History of this sport

The origin of fencing as a sport is estimated around 1190 BCE, but it was only recently, in the 15th century that Europe adopted it completely. Duels were common, with combatants that used a variety of weapons, including spears and swords. With the passing of time, lighters swords were adopted, rules were set in place that eased the practice of this activity and the use of masks to protect the faces of the fencers.

Since Athens 1986, fencing has been a part of all Olympic Games. In the Paris 1924 Olympic Games, the individual women’s fleuret was added; in the Atlanta 1996 Games, individual women’s sword; and in the Athens 2004 Games, the individual women’s sabre.

In the picture, two fencers are competing against each other. One is attacking the legs of the opponent and the other the top parts of the body. Both are wearing masks, jackets, pants and gloves.

How do you practice it?

Fencing is practiced in a track of 2 m wide and 14 m long. In the competitions three types of weapons are used: fleuret, sword and sabre.

The fleuret (500g) is a light and flexible weapon, and when using it, points are earned upon touching the opponent with the tip. Only the torso can be touched.

The sword (770g), on the other hand, is heavier than the fleuret. The objective is to touch any part of the opponent’s body, and it admits simultaneous hits between both fencers. Contacts must be made only with the tip of the sword.

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Quiz

In fencing, which weapons are used to touch the torso only?

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