SPORTS

Diving

Aquatics Propelling themselves from a three-meter springboard or launching themselves from a 10-meter platform, divers perform a combination of spins and somersaults. They perform rotations in extended position (body extended), tucked (legs extended against the body), grouped (legs bent against the body) and free (execution of spins).

In this spectacular discipline, divers are scored according to their level of execution, averaged with the degree of difficulty of the jump. A competition that no one wants to miss.

In the picture, the jump of a male diver can be appreciated. His body is completly extended.

History of this sport

Diving had its origins in Germany and Sweden in the 18th and 19th centuries. In 1891, the first regulations were drawn up, and in 1904 the discipline made its debut at the St. Louis Olympic Games.

The springboard and platform events were included from the 1908 Olympic Games in London. Women's participation in the jumping events dates to the 1912 Stockholm Games.

The early Olympic competitions were different from today's, especially about the height of the platforms and springboards. The jumping program has remained relatively stable since the 1928 Amsterdam Games: men and women participate in the 10 m high platform and 3 m high springboard events.

In the 1980s, the Chinese began to overtake the Americans for supremacy in the sport, with Greg Louganis being the only one to beat them consecutively. In Sydney 2000, synchronized diving was introduced as a new Olympic event.

As for the Pan American Games, the event was admitted to the first Games in Buenos Aires in 1951.

The United States leads the Pan American medal count with 122 medals in total. Of these, 40 are gold medals.

In the picture, the jump of a male diver can be appreciated. His body is completly extended.

How do you practice it?

Divers compete individually or synchronized as part of a two-person team. Synchronized diving maintains the same criteria used in team diving, where athletes synchronize each movement in each stage of the dive performed from the springboard or platform.

Dives should show height during take-off, maintaining a distance that is not too far or too close to the springboard or platform. The speed of the rotation should show control of the athlete and end in a vertical entry into the water.

During the execution of a dive the judges evaluate four elements. The first is the initial stop and the start or run, the second is the take-off from the springboard and the platform, the third is the execution of the dive and the fourth and final is the entry into the water. These elements must be performed naturally at each stage of the dive.

Quiz

What is not a test in diving?

Check answer

Information for the community

The Chilean poet Germán Carrasco published the book Clavados (2003). There he metaphorizes the sports discipline with everyday life, the city of Santiago, the look and photography. The book of poems is of great quality and confirms that Chile, in addition to being a country that will organize the most important mega-sporting event in its history, is a country that stands out for its literature. Clavados joins the anthology Selección Nacional: muestra de poesía chilena deportiva, which compiles the literary contributions made by poets of our territory to sports. Germán Carrasco, with Clavados, has published twelve books of poetry and non-fiction. He has been distinguished with the Best Published Literary Works Awards (2002 and 2011) and the Pablo Neruda Award (2005).

Go back to sports