SPORTS

Dressage

It is the maximum expression of the horse's preparation and elegance. The horses and their riders arrive at a 60 x 20 m arena where a panel of judges will score the work of the pair. This happens while they perform required movements, such as walking, trotting and galloping in accordance with a pattern, and also a freestyle routine, specifically choreographed by each competitor and performed to music.

In dressage, the horse's physique and ability are developed in direct relationship with its rider. This harmony is manifested in the freedom, fluidity and facility of movement that both exhibit. The equine gives the impression of moving of its own free will, because the rider's commands are almost imperceptible.

In the second picture, there is a frontal shot of a female jockey riding a horse. The pose is of a competition. The jockey has a skull cap, a red jacket and a white equestrian pair of pants.

History of this sport

Equestrian sports made their debut at the first Pan American Games in 1951 in Buenos Aires. The equestrian sport has three disciplines, where men and women compete directly against each other. In addition, this is the only Olympic and Pan American sport where humans and animals compete together. Its beginnings date back more than two thousand years, when the Greeks started to train their horses for war.

Dressage dates back to Ancient Greece. For its beauty and for being the highest expression of horse training, it is considered the art of equestrian sports and serves as the basis for all other disciplines.

Recently, the freestyle test to music was introduced, which has since become an essential part of training and made its Olympic debut at Atlanta 1996.

In the second picture, there is a frontal shot of a female jockey riding a horse. The pose is of a competition. The jockey has a skull cap, a red jacket and a white equestrian pair of pants.

How do you compete?

Dressage aims to test the horse's flexibility, firmness and accuracy in all skills: changes of walk and direction, changes of hand and foot, and obedience in performing the exercises. The preparation of a horse for this discipline takes an average of five years and takes even longer to perfect. A dressage horse must be calm, supple, confident, attentive and lively, so that it can get along harmoniously with the rider.

The first phase of the competition is by teams and all athletes perform different exercises in a pre-established routine, such as pirouettes, steps or half trot, among others.

Around the piste there are five judges who score from one to 10 the skills of the rider and the horse, taking into account the aesthetics of the different movements, the impulsion, the submission and the position of the rider, who must always stay upright. At the end, the judges announce their scores, and an average is drawn to reveal the winning riders.

Only the 25 riders with the highest scores in the first round will advance to the next round.

This round is also a pre-established routine and is mandatory for all athletes.

Quiz

How is the first phase of the training competition conducted?

Check answer

Information for the community

The Chilean Equestrian Federation has existed in Chile since 1923 and is the governing body of the activity in the country. It groups eight disciplines, including training, and also brings together six associations and forty clubs in the country. It currently offers courses, organizes events and plays a very active role in the dissemination and organization of equestrian sports.

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